Yoga & Meditation

28 august, 2018 Blog

Yoga & Meditation

Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. Among the most well-known types of yoga are Hatha yoga and Rāja yoga.

The word yoga was derived from the Sanskrit word, “yuj” which means ‘to join’ or ‘to unite’. The union referred to is that of your mind with your body. You integrating with your surroundings and nature. And, thus, your individual consciousness with the universal consciousness.

This profound spiritual meaning of yoga is now being recognized globally as the United Nations has named June 21st as International Yoga Day.

Lord Shiva is considered to be the first yogi. It is believed that, He disseminated his knowledge and learning to seven learned men, known as Saptarishis. They in turn spread this knowledge, in seven different directions, covering diverse regions.

The earliest recorded mention of the word ‘yoga’, is in the ancient Indian text, the Rig Veda, around 1500 BC. There is a mention of the importance of the control of breath in the Atharva Veda around 1200-1000BC.

Several seals and fossils have been found claimed to belong Indus-Saraswati civilization, with figures performing Yoga Sadhana dated around 2700BC, suggesting practice of yoga in those early stages of civilization.

Lord Mahavira spoke of attaining salvation and freedom through meditation, Lord Buddha spoke of specific postures and meditation to attain enlightenment. In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says, “Samatvam Yoga Uchyate”– equanimity in the mind is a sign of yoga. Yoga is that the ability to remain centred in adverse situations. Whatever takes us back to our original, joyous and harmonious nature is yoga.

Here, the Lord explains the concepts of Dharma, Karma yoga (generous actions), Bhakti yoga (dedicated and caring actions) and Jnana yoga (knowledge).

Maharshi Patanjali, in second century BC, considered the Father of Yoga, was the first one to systematize the practices of yoga in. Through his Yoga Sutras, he formulated the Astanga yoga or the eight limbs of yoga, which included yamas, niyamas, asanas, breath control (pranayama), introspective withdrawal of senses (pratyahara), mind concentration (dharana), meditation (dhyana), and absorption/intense spiritual union (samadhi).

Dhyana/Meditation: Meditation, (one of the eight limbs of Ashtanga yoga) can be defined as a practice where an individual focuses their mind on a particular object, thought or activity to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state. Meditation may be used to reduce stress, anxiety, depression, and pain. It may be done while sitting, repeating a mantra, and closing the eyes in a quiet environment.

all comments

  • Rakesh Mudgal, Udaipur
    May 12, 2018

    I was suffering from ankylosing spondylitis and no medical treatment helped. I was sceptical about doing Yoga, but ever since I tried it, my posture improved and so my long standing back pain got relieved!

    Reply
  • Kalpana Verma, Udaipur
    May 14, 2018

    I have been doing Yoga since 2 years. My eye sight started improving and now, I don’t need my glasses anymore! It gives such continuity in life.

    Reply
  • Dr. Prabal Chaturvedi
    May 15, 2018

    I used to have tremors and felt drowsy and tired all day, without doing much activities. Yoga has given me a sense of energy and peace of mind. I feel connected with my body and feel active and healthy.

    Reply
  • Pooja Choudhary, Jaipur
    May 15, 2018

    I was on antidepressants, after my husband died and life felt like an impasse. Yoga has made things calm around me. I don’t feel loneliness anymore and now I am able to enjoy with my family and take care of my children.

    Reply

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